November 15, 2018
The following book review appears to be about football but it isn’t. To say this book is about football would be misleading. The story takes place in Texas during WWII so it naturally has football involved. Texas and football are synonymous. In reality, it is a story about life during a difficult era that has football as a backdrop. You don’t need to know a thing about the sport to enjoy this book. Trust me.
There’s an old saying that there are only three sports in Texas: football, spring football, and recruiting. It’s not far off. I’ve heard countless times of people flying over the state on Friday nights and all they see are pockets of lights in small towns where a football game is being played. The state even has six-man football for schools not large enough to field 11 players on a side. In Texas, football sometimes seems more of a religion than a sport.
Against this backdrop, the Village Library has acquired a new book that features Texas football but is really more about life. It’s a period piece that takes place in a small Texas town during World War II. In this instance football is more a conduit to the effects that World War II had not only on a small town but the nation in general.
“When the Men Were Gone” by Marjorie Herrera Lewis is based on a true story that occurred in Brownwood, Texas in 1944. When the assistant principal, Tylene Wilson, cannot find a football coach because all the available prospects have gone off to war, she decides to take on the task herself since she has followed the game since she was a little girl. What is fall in Texas without football?
Even more important, Tylene doesn’t want to deprive the seniors of their one last chance to enjoy “innocence” before they enlist in the war effort. There’s no need for them to grow up too fast. Every teenage kid in Brownwood dreams of playing for his school since he was five years old. Why not let them enjoy their boyhood to the fullest before reality hits them in the face?
Of course, Tylene’s decision is not that simple. We’re talking about Texas in 1944. Coaching football is considered a “manly” profession and no place for ladies. The blowback from the men in town is fierce. The opposing coach in the opening game would rather forfeit than play against a woman. The school board is considering cancelling the season. What is Tylene going to do?
Overcoming the dissension is only part of the problem. The players themselves aren’t exactly enamored with the idea of a female coach. Tyrene’s husband is very supportive (it was initially his idea) but he has a change of heart when he is criticized for letting her do it and she starts getting threats if she doesn’t quit. On top of that, the war is constantly interfering with their daily lives as neighbors return from the war either dead or missing limbs. It’s a torturous time for everyone.
As the book moves along you find out there are additional motivations for Tyrene not to let the season go. You begin to understand why it is so important to her beyond just letting the boys enjoy their youth to the fullest. The inside cover says that the story will make you laugh and cry and it is right on both counts.
I thought when I started the book it would simply be a period piece about a woman coach stepping up against all odds and having a successful season. That was far off the mark. Football is just a subset of a wide-ranging story of life during a difficult period. “When the Men Were Gone” is a very heartwarming story and one you won’t be able to put down. It will be an experience to remember.
November 8, 2018
Football is this country’s most popular spectator sport and a great diversion from all the stresses of modern life. Unfortunately, the stresses of modern life have infringed on the game in recent years. Concussions, assault, cheating, franchise relocation, and silent protests have all become part of pro football’s popular culture to the point where fans and the powers-that-be can’t ignore them.
College football has its own peccadillos but it’s in the National Football League (NFL) where the problems are magnified. Part of it is due to NFL commissioner Roger Goodell and the way he handles every controversial issue. It’s as if he applies Murphy’s Law to each situation. He just can’t get it right and gets booed by fans wherever he goes. He still must be doing something right because the owners won’t fire him and he reportedly makes over $40 million a year. To be sure, there have always been issues in the NFL, especially between players and management, but the five matters listed above have taken center stage.
Four years ago Baltimore Ravens running back Ray Rice was caught on video punching his then fiancé (now wife) and dragging her from an elevator. Goodell’s decision to suspend him for only two games produced a public backlash that the NFL didn’t take assault seriously enough.
This episode was followed by “Deflategate” which was a cute way of accusing iconic New England Patriots’ quarterback Tom Brady of cheating. In a playoff game with the Indianapolis Colts, Brady was accused of by having the football deflated by team managers in order to produce a more comfortable grip. The whole sordid affair should have amounted to a molehill but Brady’s indignant attitude and Goodell’s determination to stick it to the Patriots (they had been found guilty of illegally spying on the New York Jets several years earlier) led to Brady being suspended for four games. Naturally, the outrage in New England was so pervasive that Goodell hasn’t attended a game there since.
If that were not enough, San Francisco quarterback Colin Kaepernick decided to protest police brutality by not standing for the national anthem. Soon other players joined Kaepernick in kneeling during the Star Spangled Banner. The protest probably would have run its course but then Donald Trump decided to weigh in during the 2016 presidential campaign and make it an issue of disrespecting the flag and the military. Goodell didn’t know what to do so he simply exasperated the problem with halfway responses that pleased no one.
Franchise relocation became a big deal two years ago because three teams decided they wanted to move to Los Angeles at the same time despite the fact they were financially healthy and had loyal fan bases. They just wanted to make even more money and have new, state-of-the-art, billion dollar, publicly-financed stadiums built which their current cities weren’t willing to do. St. Louis and San Diego ended up in LA and Oakland in Las Vegas. Trying to put a positive spin on greedy, billionaire owners abandoning their cities and loyal fans is not easy. Goodell couldn’t do it even though he tried.
But the issue that resonates the most in the public consciousness is concussions. The NFL acted like the tobacco companies for a long time trying to deny a direct link between the head shots and loss of memory and dementia later in life. But as the connection became more and more obvious the NFL finally admitted a cause and effect. A 2015 Will Smith movie based on true events called “Concussion,” detailing how the whole connection to brain injuries came to light, helped educate the public on what was happening.
The threat of brain damage has caused many parents to no longer allow their sons to play youth football and the long-term effects on the NFL could mean not enough players for their league. There has been talk that the league could suffer and die a generation from now. Goodell hasn’t helped his or the NFL’s reputation by living in denial all these years.
All these matters and much more have been presented in a new book by Mark Leibovich entitled “Big Game: The NFL in Dangerous Times.” Leibovich provides a unique assessment because he’s political journalist/commentator in his day job. He writes from the perspective of a fan, albeit one who grew up near Boston as a diehard Patriots partisan. But he does observe the league from a point of view that the average fan could easily relate to.
Leibovich manages to get personal time with many of the NFL heavyweights including Goodell, Brady, and several of the owners. Brady comes off as a good guy (which he probably is) but there is clear bias towards him by Leibovich. He thinks that “Deflategate” was totally bogus but ignores the fact that Brady didn’t exactly act totally innocent in its aftermath or during the investigation.
His discussion of Goodell and the owners is more spot-on. Goodell is more into protecting the NFL (“The Shield”) than admitting any problems. The owners qualify as good, bad, or ugly but even the good ones are first and foremost part of “The Membership.” In other words, they’re billionaires, part of an exclusive club, and better than the rest of us. It helps explain why they think the public should build them billion dollar stadiums instead of just doing it themselves.
“Big Game” is an insightful and entertaining read. Leibovich gets behind the scenes and lets you know how the NFL really operates and who the colorful characters and true powerbrokers are. The game may be too popular to get sidetracked by all its calamities but even a diehard fan like myself doesn’t feel quite as passionate as I once did. The NFL is suffering from a case of arrogance and I truly wonder if it will get beyond its “dangerous times” and seriously address the issues that confront it.
“The Promise and the Dream: The Untold Story of Martin Luther King, Jr. and Robert F. Kennedy” by David Margolick tells of the profound impact these two icons of American social and political history had on our nation’s fabric. Although they had a complicated relationship, their unique bond captivated the populace until their assassinations 62 days apart in 1968. Their premature deaths changed our nation forever.
“Heart: A History” by Sandeep Jauhar discusses what makes the heart tick and educates us on all the advances in cardiologic research and technology that have improved our lives. Jahuhar delves into many fascinating stories such as the first open-heart surgery and first successful human heart transplant to remind us how special “the only organ that can move itself” is to our survival.
“The Digger and the Flower” by Joseph Kuefler provides a lesson in nature and nurturing using a construction vehicle and a seedling. When a flower that is being nursed along by “Digger” is bulldozed by another machine, he finds a way to rescue and preserve his injured “friend.” Readers have described this children’s picture book as “precious” and “a sweet story of compassion.”
November 2, 2018
I have often talked about books that fly under the radar, capturing a nugget of history that is unusual, bizarre or simply bewildering. A lot of these stories tend to revolve around World War II and I recently stumbled upon another one that is truly unique. The author, who had an interest in African American military history, stumbled upon the story herself when she read a line about a black nurse serving at a prison camp hospital in Arizona who eventually married a German prisoner of war (POW). How bizarre is that?
“Enemies in Love: A German POW, a Black Nurse, and an Unlikely Romance” by Alexis Clark is an extraordinary story. How in the world could something like that even happen? It is difficult enough to imagine interracial marriages succeeding in the U.S. during the Jim Crow era, even outside the South, but the idea of a black nurse marrying someone who fought for the Nazis seems beyond the pale.
When Clark discovered this unlikely tale the two protagonists had already died. It meant Clark had to reconstruct the whole story from scratch. Between exhaustive research and interviews with surviving family members and friends both here and in Germany she was able to put together much of what happened. As expected, it’s a mindboggling trip with many bumps in the road.
Elinor Powell was an African American nurse who ends up stationed at a hospital in a POW camp in Arizona. Elinor had the good fortune to grow up in Milton, Massachusetts where despite being the only black family in their middle-class neighborhood, she faced little or no racial prejudice. That changed after she got her nursing degree and joined the army.
The U.S. armed forces weren’t integrated until 1948. Blacks were stereotyped as inferior and most whites didn’t want to serve with them. They got the worst assignments which explains how Elinor ended up at a POW camp. Worse, it was in a desolate area of Arizona which was a Jim Crow state to boot. Elinor faced blatant racism for the first time in her life and it was numbing. How could the U.S. be fighting for freedom abroad when it treated some of its own as second class citizens?
Frederick Albert, the German POW, was never an actual Nazi. He came from a well-to-do German family that was strict and unloving to him and his sister. He was in the German army only because he had no choice. In a sense he was lucky he was captured quickly because he wasn’t mentally attuned to being a solider. He was also only 19 when he was captured and sent off to the POW camp in Arizona.
Why he was so attracted to Elinor is unknown. His only clear connection to African Americans growing up was through his love for jazz. It may have been because he was young, inexperienced and the only women around him were the black nurses. Whatever the case, he was enamored with Elinor and she came to enjoy the attention. It led to a love affair where they would find time to be together whenever possible.
When the war ended they knew they couldn’t simply just get married. For one thing, it would have been considered heresy if their affair had been discovered by authorities. As a POW, Frederick had to return to Germany. The two of them thought one way he might be able to return to the States sooner than later was if Elinor got pregnant.
Their scheme actually worked but before Frederick returned Elinor had to face the multiple hardship of being a single mom with a biracial baby, living at home with an unsympathetic mother, and surrounded by a skeptical community. There was also the lingering question of whether Frederick would remain loyal (after all he was still only 21) and eventually return. Fortunately, he was still in love with Elinor.
Although the couple did get married and have two children, it wasn’t totally a happy ending. They struggled to make ends meet and even tried moving to Germany with disastrous results. Finding a place where they and their sons were accepted was never easy.
Alexis Clark presents an amazing story with an in-depth look at what growing up and facing life in a segregated America and an oppressive Germany was like. Elinor and Frederick faced an uphill battle all their lives, even within their own marriage, but they stuck together. There were a lot of questions left unanswered because they are no longer with us but enough is known for us to appreciate their fortitude and devotion to each other. “Enemies in Love” is quite a history lesson.
“In Pieces” by Sally Field gives us a reflection of her life in this autobiography. Baby boomers grew up with Field as she appeared in iconic TV series “Gidget” and “The Flying Nun,” and won an Oscar for her performance in “Norma Rae.” Although she lived her life in the public eye it was not without heartache. One reader described her book as “honest, engaging, and illuminating.”
“Small Fry” by Lisa Brennan-Jobs tells the story of Steve Jobs’ daughter who grew up without her father and struggled with her mom to make ends meet. Even after her father became rich he seemed indifferent to her. She finally sought a relationship with him in high school but it was never easy. Brennan-Jobs provides an inside look at one of our country’s most accomplished and eccentric high tech gurus.
October 25, 2018
Politics and social media are a volatile mix. Campaigns were bad enough before the advent of the Internet, Twitter, blogs, and biased-based websites. It isn’t a question anymore of qualified candidates running for office and having their elections based on their public record or their policies. Now it’s all about taking them down personally with real or imagined stories that have nothing to do with their abilities. Why would anybody want to run for office?
This whole messy scenario is the subject of a new novel by Jo Piazza called “Charlotte Walsh Likes to Win.” The book would probably qualify as “chick-lit” because it’s about a career woman and mother who decides to enter a Senate race in Pennsylvania. But it’s a novel that should appeal to both men and women alike. It illustrates the “take-no-prisoners” attitude towards political campaigns today.
The premise is quite simple. Charlotte Walsh is a powerful executive in a highly successful Silicon Valley firm who grew up poor in a small town in northeast Pennsylvania. Through hard work and ambition she achieved an Ivy League education and worked her way to her present position of COO. She is also a successful author and someone who pursued expanding opportunities for women and providing generous maternity and family leave benefits.
Because Charlotte’s policies helped produce a happy and successful company, she contemplated the idea of moving back to Pennsylvania to run for Senate against a long-time, thrice-married conservative incumbent who was against everything she believed in. Charlotte really thought she could make a difference if she went to Washington.
On the surface she looked like she the ideal candidate. She was not only highly successful professionally, but she effused good looks, seemed happily married, and had three charming young daughters. Her resume indicated she had it all. The race appeared set to give voters a real choice between two distinct and competing philosophies.
But that’s not how campaigns work.
There are so many intangibles at play when it comes to running for office. Charlotte’s motives may be pure but moving to another state leaves open the accusations of “carpet-bagger.” Also, what will be the effect on the family to move when it moves from a comfortable lifestyle on the West Coast to a completely different one 3,000 miles away?
And those were the easy dilemmas.
Running for office means hiring a campaign manager and staff, raising money, and traveling around the state non-stop. Your time is never your own anymore. You have social media with anonymous tweeters and bloggers opining your every move. Your opponent is constantly questioning your fitness for office. Whether you like it or not you find yourself playing the same game.
As the campaign picks up pace it seems like issues and policy take a backseat to opposition research and intrepid reporters trying to get a “scoop.” Whatever skeletons are in each candidate’s closet are bound to come out. We’re constantly kept off-balance wondering what will happen next.
“Charlotte Walsh Likes to Win” is not only a suspenseful novel but an excellent primer on how campaigns are run these days. Everything that happens in the book rings true. Piazza not only reaches a fitting conclusion but leaves the reader in a reflective mood. It’s hard to ask for more than that.
“The Kennedy Debutante” by Kerri Maher is an historical novel based on “Kick,” the oldest daughter of Joseph and Rose Kennedy. When her father is appointed ambassador to the United Kingdom, Kick gets to become socially active with the British elite and meets Billy Hartington, a future duke and strict Protestant. It becomes a case of forbidden love for Kick, the devout Catholic. See how it all untangles against the backdrop of World War II.
“My Girls: A Lifetime with Carrie and Debbie” by Todd Fisher is a tribute to the mother and sister of the author. Carrie Fisher and Debbie Reynolds died within one day of each other and left Todd and their legions of fans stunned. “Equal parts love letter and family portrait,” Fisher describes the ups and downs growing up in the celebrity lifestyle and what it was like dealing with two icons of the entertainment age.
“Rescue & Jessica: A Life-Changing Friendship” by Jessica Kensky and Patrick Downes presents a warm-hearted story of a rescue dog who grew up thinking he would be a seeing-eye dog. Instead, he becomes a service dog to Jessica who has to deal with physical impairments she never expected. Together they conquer the world one step at a time. This inspiring children’s picture book was written by two survivors of the Boston Marathon bombing and much of it is true.
October 12, 2018
Tennis is a very unique sport with lots of tradition and protocol. For better or worse it carries the air of a country club activity where proper dress and decorum takes precedence over winning and losing. That’s not necessarily a bad thing because good manners and proper etiquette are fundamental to most occupations. At the professional level we see all kinds of behavior in tennis and much it is over the top. Players who scream and berate umpires are usually scorned while the ones who keep their composure and rarely complain are admired. We have seen the entire spectrum of behavior over the years.
The tennis world today does not have a lot of “jerks.” We still have a few men who get upset and tank matches or women who shriek annoyingly during points but for the most part there are no “personalities” who embarrass the sport. The two players who epitomize talent and exquisite behavior are Roger Federer and Rafael Nadal and they are admired worldwide. The same can’t be said for some of the players of yesteryear.
Tennis entered its “golden age” in the late 1970s. The sport had an abundance of talent, diverse personalities and television money that helped fuel tennis’s popularity. While the sport had its “good guys” like Arthur Ashe and Bjorn Borg who acted with class all the time, at the other end of the spectrum were Jimmy Connors, John McEnroe and Ilie Nastase who epitomized the “bad boy” image the sport abhorred. This latter group were constantly harassing umpires, linesmen, and sometimes their opponents.
Ironically, it was usually the “good guys” who tended to burn out before the “bad boys.” Connors, McEnroe, and Nastase played well into their 30s (Connors was still playing the pro tour at 40). Perhaps it was because they let out their emotions. The reverse was true with Borg. He was the number one player in the world in 1980 and won 11 grand slam titles by the age of 25. Yet he retired less than a year later in the prime of his career. What happened?
There is a new movie at the Village Library that documents this process simply called “Borg vs. McEnroe.” The title is a reference to their epic 1980 final, still considered one of the two greatest tennis matches of all-time (the Federer-Nadal 2008 Wimbledon final is the other).
The interesting thing is that the movie is more a case study in personalities than a reprisal of a superlative tennis match. Although the feature length film is another one of those “inspired by true events” sagas (i.e., it takes some artistic liberties) the production holds true to form when describing what these two players were going through as they progressed through the Grand Slam tournament.
Borg may have represented the ideal of how a professional should act on the tennis court but in reality he was a tortured soul both on and off of it. He was the number one ranked player in the world but the burden was too much for him. He was a perfectionist. Once he reached the top of his profession he couldn’t handle the thought of not being the best.
McEnroe was a tortured soul as well but that was only because he felt all the umpires and linesmen had it in for him. He spent too much time complaining to actually enjoy his time playing. His behavior went beyond embarrassing at times. The British tabloids called him “Superbrat” and it was a well-deserved moniker. Fans often came to his matches more to see him lose his temper than to witness his immense talent.
The acting in the film is superb. Viewers may recognize Shia LaBeouf as McEnroe (he starred in “Holes” and “Wall Street: Money Never Sleeps”). He has McEnroe’s tennis strokes and antics down to a tee. Even better is Sverir Gudnason as Borg (he’s the spitting image of his character) who appears to have it all but can’t enjoy a minute of his success. His pained expressions throughout the film speak volumes.
You would think that these two incredibly talented tennis players would be in heaven making millions playing a sport they undoubtedly love. But that’s not the case. They may love the money but they can’t enjoy it. For totally divergent reasons Borg and McEnroe are not “happy campers” at the apex of their sport. “Borg vs. McEnroe” illustrates that success doesn’t always equate with happiness.
“When the Men Were Gone” by Marjorie Herrera Lewis provides an unusual look at the importance of high school football is in Texas. Based on a true story from 1944, this novel looks at a town that might have to cancel its football season because every man available to coach the team goes off to war. Into the breach steps high school teacher Tylene Wilson who learned all about football from her father. Despite blowback against the idea of a female football coach (remember it’s 1944), Tylene provides a life lesson nobody will ever forget.
“The Red and the Blue: The 1990s and the Birth of Political Tribalism” by Steve Kornacki explains why the political process in Washington has become so polarized. The problem can trace its roots to the election of Bill Clinton as president and Newt Gingrich as Speaker of the House. Political compromise became less and less a viable option. The presidential candidacy of Ross Perot in 1992 also illustrated the distaste of voters toward business as usual. Today’s polarization is a natural outgrowth of the 1990s political scene.
“The Poet X” by Elizabeth Acevedo is a smorgasbord for anyone who loves poetry. Written in verse, this book tells the story of Xiomara, a 15-year-old girl growing up in Harlem, who writes down her thoughts but is afraid to express them openly. When the opportunity comes to join her high school slam poetry club Xiomara finds she can no longer be silent. This YA novel is a 2018 National Book Award finalist.
October 5, 2018
The Trump White House has been characterized as a daily soap opera where the traditional norms of an administration are thrown out the window. Donald Trump simply has a different method of doing things. We have already had books such as Michael Wolff’s “Fire and Fury” that have provided salacious details of a dysfunctional White House but they seem more gossipy than substantive. That may have finally changed.
Based on excerpts put out before its publication date, Bob Woodward’s new book “Fear: Trump in the White House” initially sounded like more of the same. There were juicy quotes that combine the words “Trump” and “liar” in the same sentence and other derogatory remarks about the president made by aides behind his back. Those excerpts may have helped book sales but they don’t do justice to the book itself.
Woodward has actually done an extraordinary job of describing the day-to-day workings of the Trump White House. People who love the president probably won’t like the book because they regard any criticism, especially those attributed to members of Trump’s own staff, as “fake news.” But to those that are willing to look at this White House with an open mind, Woodward has provided a fascinating and realistic look into how the Trump Administration operates behind the scenes.
It should be noted that Woodward has impressive credentials. He and Carl Bernstein were the Washington Post reporters that unlocked the Watergate Scandal which led to the downfall of the Nixon presidency in 1974. Woodward has written books about all eight presidents since then. His books are usually in-depth and insightful and generally accepted as fair and accurate (except to those who don’t come off looking good). His reputation as a writer and reporter is pretty solid.
The juicy quotes that were highlighted in pre-publication excerpts are not emphasized in “Fear” but merely part of the narrative. They might raise an eyebrow while reading the book but they don’t stand out. “Fear” is really a day-to-day description of how the White House operates and what it attempts to accomplish. Although the book describes many of the controversies that involve Trump it does not try to make any conclusions. It just reports.
The surprising aspect of Woodward’s tome is that it is not all about trashing Trump and those that work for him. Trump’s mood swings, personal bravado, and disinterest in policy are evident but he is surrounded by advisors who truly seem to have the best interest of the country at heart and are simply trying to find ways to work with or around him.
Trump is clearly passionate about the Wall, trade policy, the Russia investigation, and getting out of foreign wars. He definitely has advisors who like to suck up to him but there are others who try to steer him towards a more realistic view of the world. The ones who come across as “grownups” are Gary Cohn, Rob Porter, John Dowd, John Kelly, James Mattis, H.R. McMaster, and Rex Tillerson. Admittedly, It may be a telling sign that Kelly is the only one left from that group that is still working in the White House (it may also hint at who are the sources for much of Woodward’s book).
In the end it appears that the Trump Administration is controlled chaos. It may not be traditional in that respect but Woodward is good at presenting why it is able to survive. Trump may not like the book but chances are he will be on speaking terms with Woodward when their paths cross. “Fear” doesn’t produce any bombshells but it does provides a window into a very different kind of White House. It’s worth pursuing.
“Indianapolis: The True Story of the Worst Sea Disaster in U.S. Naval History and the Fifty-Year Fight to Exonerate an Innocent Man” by Lynn Vincent and Sara Vladic recounts the sinking of the USS Indianapolis and its aftermath. The US heavy cruiser had just delivered the components of the atom bomb to the Pacific Islands before the bombing of Hiroshima when it was struck by two Japanese torpedoes. The entire tragic story, where its survivors were stuck in shark-infested waters and its captain wrongly court-martialed, is provided in meticulous detail.
“Fly Girls: How Five Daring Women Defied All Odds and Made Aviation History” by Keith O’Brien reminds us that women are often overlooked when it comes to their accomplishments. When conquering the skies became a phenomenon between the World Wars, the only woman pilot from that era most people remember is Amelia Earhart. Several other women made their mark and their stories, along with Earhart’s, are chronicled here.
“Hey, Kiddo: How I Lost My Mother, Found My Father, and Dealt with Family Addiction” by Jarret J. Krosoczka is a personal memoir of this popular children’s author. Raised by his grandparents, Krosoczka really didn’t understand his true identity until he was a teenager and could face his mother’s addiction and track down his long absent father. It is a story of survival after growing up in a non-traditional way. This book is for young adults.
September 26, 2018
This Sunday (9/30) at 5pm C-SPAN2 will televise the Village Library’s latest edition of “Nights at the Round Table” with author David Pietrusza. Pietrusza will be discussing his new book, “TR’s Last War: Theodore Roosevelt, The Great War, and a Journey of Triumph and Tragedy. The program took place at the Library on 9/18/18.
Our country continues to face a moral dilemma concerning the stereotyping of different races and ethnic groups. It’s always been that way. It’s a habit we can’t seem to break. It was bad enough that African American troops were segregated during World War II while we were supposedly fighting to save freedom and democracy. But discrimination didn’t stop with them. Every minority was treated suspiciously as if they didn’t measure up or weren’t patriotic enough.
Jewish American GIs during WWII, for example, weren’t segregated like African American but were ostracized and subjected to taunts and racism while in the service. Jews were stereotyped as unpatriotic and unwilling to fight for their country. The war provided the opportunity to prove that wasn’t the case but it wasn’t easy.
“Jew Boy” was a favorite racist remark used by other American GIs during basic training. It was the equivalent of using the “N” word with blacks. Many of the GIs had never interacted with Jews before. One Jewish recruit was branded with the nickname “Jew Boy” throughout basic training. The humiliation was never-ending. One Jewish airman developed a close friendship with his bunkmate until the bunkmate discovered he was Jewish. The “friend” never spoke to him again.
The story of American Jews fighting in World War II has been brought to life by a PBS documentary obtained by the Village Library called “GI Jews: Jewish Americans in World War II.” At the time the war broke out there were 10 million Jews living in the U.S. with half of them located in New York City. Most of them lived in Jewish enclaves so it was easy to get stereotyped.
Like all Americans, they jumped at the chance to serve. 550,000 Jewish men and women enlisted in the U.S. military. They had the dual purpose of fighting for America and for Jews worldwide. They knew that Hitler was trying to destroy their people. But they also had the opportunity to rid themselves of the undeserved stereotype of being unpatriotic.
The documentary provides a chronological description of the war with newsreels and interviews with many of the combatants, both men and women. Among those interviewed were Mel Brooks, Carl Reiner and Henry Kissinger. Brooks tells of one time he was standing in line at the mess hall during basic training and flattened another recruit for calling him a “Jew Boy.” Reiner was threatened by a white southerner for chatting with a black recruit.
One Jewish nurse who was serving overseas fell in love with an American airman. The airman finished his tour and came home with the intention of asking her parents for permission to marry her. When he found out she was Jewish he cancelled those plans.
While Jewish servicemen and women managed to overcome much of the prejudice by the end of the war, many of them still ended up witnessing the horror of the concentration camps after they entered Germany with the American army. Coming upon fellow Jews who were all skin and bones, and seeing dead prisoners piled up like slabs of meat instilled nightmares that lasted a lifetime.
World War II provided some of the most horrific examples of man’s inhumanity to man. But it also provided an opportunity to squash certain stereotypes. Men and women from different social and ethnic backgrounds were forced to intermingle and discovered they could get along. The war didn’t get rid of racism or ethnic hatred but it proved the stereotypes we often take for granted are more myth than reality. “GI Jews” is an eye-opening documentary that is well worth watching.
“Leadership in Turbulent Times” by Doris Kearns Goodwin describes four presidents who had the qualities to step up during times of crisis. Abraham Lincoln, Teddy Roosevelt, Franklin Roosevelt, and Lyndon Johnson all had the essential leadership qualities to guide the country through difficult periods. Goodwin, who knew LBJ personally, is recognized as one of our preeminent presidential historians.
“Arthur Ashe: A Life” by Raymond Arsenault is an exhaustive biography of the legendary tennis player and social activist who died prematurely at the age of 49 after contracting AIDS from a blood transfusion. Ashe was one of the first successful African American professional tennis players and constantly lauded for his quiet dignity. Arsenault covers his rise to the top of his profession and how his life encompassed much more than simply being a three-time Grand Slam champion.
September 13, 2018
Soccer is the world’s sport. It’s called “football” just about everywhere but here and it’s the dream of almost every youngster to become a world class player. The ultimate goal is to make your national team and qualify for the World Cup which is held every four years. The 2018 World Cup took place this summer in Russia with France taking home the trophy.
International soccer is run by FIFA (Federation Internationale de Football Association) and it is probably the most powerful sports organization in the world. It may also be the most corrupt. Bribery is literally a way of life for FIFA. The cheating and payoffs that go on are so pervasive that it’s difficult to find a person involved in the administration of the sport who isn’t crooked.
There is a new book out that deals with this whole issue. It’s called “Red Card: How the U.S. Blew the Whistle on the World’s Biggest Sports Scandal” and was written by an intrepid reporter named Ken Bensinger. It was not an easy book to research because under every scandalous rock was another rock that contained an even bigger scandal. Everyone in a position of power acted as if they were holier than thou and pretended to run the sport cleanly. But these “Puritans” have been fighting for a piece of the action for decades.
Once the powers-that-be discovered that televising and marketing soccer were a potential gold mine corruption soon followed. Individual power players decided to demand money on the side from communication companies bidding for rights to broadcast elite events. In addition to the World Cup, there’s the European Cup, the Copa Americana, and the Gold Cup just to name a few. For communication companies to gain access to these events they had to play ball with the power players.
Apparently it wasn’t enough for these chieftains of football to live a glorious life of six or seven figure salaries, travel first-class and stay in five-star hotels. They wanted a huge slice of the money pie that suddenly descended on the sport. Instead of being honest brokers and filtering the wealth down to the masses learning and developing the game, the “crooks” from the alphabet soup of FIFA regional organizations (CONCACAF, CONMEBOL, UEFA, AFC, CAF, OFC) only wanted to enrich themselves.
Probably the most obvious example of egregious behavior was when Qatar was awarded the 2022 World Cup. Why in the world would FIFA give the sport’s most prestigious event to a country that had no soccer tradition and is unbearably hot during the summer? Could it be because it’s an oil-rich nation that’s capable of bribing its way to hosting the event? There were already questions simmering about how Russia managed to wrestle the 2018 World Cup from favored England. Something didn’t smell right.
How the U.S. became the “guardian” of the sport is due to the perseverance of an IRS agent named Steve Berryman who happened to be a huge international soccer fan. His specialty was looking at banking records and wire transfers and he found enough suspicious deposits and money transfers to sound an alarm in his head. Encouraged by stories written by British reporter Andrew Jennings on the scandals within the sport, Berryman contacted an FBI official he knew and together they convinced the U.S. Department of Justice to pursue the case. Many of the wire transfers went through banks in the United States so they were within American jurisdiction.
There were many soccer administrators targeted in the scandal but the key player in the Justice Department’s investigation was American Chuck Blazer, the General Secretary of the Confederation of North, Central America and Caribbean Association Football (CONCACAF) from 1990-2011. Blazer was originally targeted because he went years without filing a federal tax return. He willingly became a government witness due to his guilty conscience, to cut a deal, or both. The state of affairs in soccer had gotten so bad that when a clearly corrupt regional president was forced from office, his supposedly squeaky clean replacement turned out to be a bigger crook than he was.
The corruption in the soccer world is widespread and will continue to be. The U.S. investigation uncovered a lot but barely scratched the surface. That’s because they could only go after suspects that used American banks for wire transfers. FIFA has a new president and the organization promises a new direction but bribery is so endemic that it’s hard to believe it will ever change. We can only hope that in the long run “Red Card” will force an overhaul to how the sport is run.
“Lies” by T.M. Hogan presents a psychological thriller of a man named Joe Lynch whose entire life and marriage are blown up when he sees his wife at a hotel with her best friend’s husband. After confronting the man, Joe is suspected of assault and finds he can no longer trust his wife. It leads to twists and turns where Joe doesn’t know what to expect or where to turn next. One reader described the novel as “simply brilliant.”
“Every Day Is Extra” by John Kerry encompasses the life story of the former Vietnam War veteran, senator, and secretary of state. Kerry was involved in many of the events and policy-making decisions that have affected our country over the last 50 years. Here is an insider’s look at how government and military service formed one man’s view of the world.
“Crash: The Great Depression and the Fall and Rise of America” by Marc Favreau offers a comprehensive look at the Great Depression, its causes, and its aftermath. Meticulously researched, it provides many photos to go along with the narrative. Although it’s classified as a children’s book it will appeal to people of all ages.
August 27, 2018
Theodore Roosevelt is one of our most iconic presidents. He left his mark with energetic policies in both domestic and international affairs. We probably all remember learning in high school that he was a “trust buster,” loved the outdoors and expanded our country’s influence in the Caribbean and Far East. TR was so highly regarded at the time he was added to Mount Rushmore along with Washington, Jefferson and Lincoln. Was he really that brilliant and beloved?
There is a new book out about Roosevelt that delves into that question but really leaves the reader to make up his or her own mind about his legacy. It’s called “TR’s Last War: Theodore Roosevelt, The Great War, and a Journey of Triumph and Tragedy” and was written by David Pietrusza. It’s an in-depth look at the last few years of TR’s life and provides nuance to a man who was as complicated as he was physically active.
Most people remember Roosevelt charging up San Juan Hill during the Spanish-American War. It cemented the idea that he was a man of courage and toughness. He ascended to the presidency in 1901 at the “tender” age of 42 after William McKinley was assassinated. His “Square Deal” was so popular that he was easily re-elected in 1904 and would have been again in 1908 if he hadn’t kept his promise not to run again.
His anointed successor, William Taft, disappointed him so much that TR ran as a 3rd party “Bull Moose” progressive candidate in 1912. He was the most successful 3rd party candidate ever but he basically allowed Woodrow Wilson to win in an electoral landslide. Roosevelt despised Wilson and was extremely upset at the lack of U.S. preparedness for World War I after hostilities broke out in Europe in 1914. It kept him fully engaged in politics and public affairs the rest of his life.
One of the basic tenets of the book is that as much as Roosevelt was involved in the 1916 presidential race he was reluctant to be totally committed as a candidate. He kept leaving the door open to both the Republican and Progressive (“Bull Moose”) nominations but only kept dropping hints about his interest instead of simply jumping in. It was as if he wanted the GOP to beg him to run and hand him the nomination on a silver platter. But it was not to be.
Once the U.S. did prepare militarily and enter the war, Roosevelt wanted to be a part of it. Whether it was his age or simply spite by Wilson, it wasn’t going to happen. As a consolation, his four sons all served and they paid a severe price. Two of them were wounded and TR’s youngest, Quentin, was shot down over Germany and died instantly. It’s likely Roosevelt never got over that loss.
Pietrusza opens up a Pandora’s Box of possible reasons that Roosevelt was such a public figure in his twilight years without actually committing to running for office. He may have simply enjoyed being an elder statesman but his passion for running the country his way seemed at odds with that attitude. He might have had too many physical ailments (he was shot in Wisconsin, suffered broken ribs after being thrown from a horse, and caught a tropical disease on a trip to the Amazon). He also might have suffered from depression. Whatever the case, he died at the relatively young age of 60.
What is not in question is that Roosevelt was an influential historical figure and a fascinating character study. Pietrusza provides a taste of his life and personality in his biography. “TR’s Last War” is an insightful read into what political and social life was like in our country a century ago. It’s well worth the trip.
As an added bonus, David Pietrusza will be appearing at the Village Library as part of our “Nights at the Round Table” series at 7pm on Tuesday, September 18. The nationally known author appeared here three years ago to discuss his book “1932: The Rise of Hitler and Roosevelt.” Pietrusza knows his subjects well and it’s a great opportunity to learn more about Teddy Roosevelt and a substantive era in American history. Please join us for what is sure to be an enlightening experience.
August 17, 2018
I’m finally getting to the debut of our new blog, “The Village Peephole,” formerly known as “Dave’s Blog.” The transition took longer than I anticipated because I inadvertently became an acrobat on my road bike. I don’t recommend that practice to anybody. It literally hurts! But that’s beside the point. I hope you find our new blog as entertaining and informative as “From the Librarian.” Any feedback is appreciated.
Not a lot of movies reach “cult” status where they remain popular for generations. It’s never easy to predict when it will happen. It just does. In fact, if you ever hear a movie is “destined to be a classic” it usually ends up the dust bin of film history. “Classics” are movies that for whatever reason provide something memorable that stay with us forever.
Back in 1980 the movie “Caddyshack” debuted and wasn’t an instant hit. It certainly had some well-known comedians, Rodney Dangerfield, Ted Knight, Chevy Chase and Bill Murray, but it came across as shtick instead of a solidly-based storyline. At the time I heard enough good things that I took a chance on it. And I certainly didn’t regret it.
Despite the lack of a central theme, the two things that stayed with me were how funny Dangerfield was on the big screen and Bill Murray’s demented character trying to outfox the golf course gopher. There was also the “classic” scene of Murray swatting mums (flowers) to smithereens and narrating the “Cinderella story” of him winning the Masters. There was definitely something special about the movie even if it wasn’t an instant box office success.
“Caddyshack” may not have had a dedicated story line or been an instant hit but it somehow had staying power. Nearly 40 years later it is still popular. What happened?
There is a new book out that explains the whole story from how the movie was conceived, how the script ended up piecemeal, and how it eventually took on a life of its own. “Caddyshack: The Making of a Hollywood Cinderella Story” by Chris Nashawaty describes the major players, the development of the film, and the aftermath of what practically everyone involved in the production originally thought was a complete bomb.
The back story begins in the 1960s when a new wave of comic geniuses were coming to the forefront. These were Ivy Leaguers who worked on the Harvard Lampoon and eventually founded the National Lampoon. Concurrently, there were Second City improv actors from Chicago who were headed to fame and fortune on NBC’s Saturday Night Live which debuted in 1975. Many of these characters came together to work on “National Lampoon’s Animal House,” a 1978 movie about a wild fraternity in the early 1960s, which was the mega-hit and classic they all hoped it would be.
The fact that these creators of “Animal House” were so successful gave them the opportunity to get funding for their next “big” project, i.e., “Candyshack.” The film was inspired by the backgrounds of several of these “comic geniuses” who had caddied as youths at exclusive Midwest country clubs. Harold Ramis, the comedic writer and actor from such films as “Stripes” and “Ghostbusters,” was allowed to make his directorial debut. Being a veteran of improv he had no qualms about allowing ad-libbing and completely going off script.
Filming “Caddyshack” in Florida became like a jigsaw puzzle. Scenes were constantly reworked on the fly if they suddenly sounded better. The producers discovered how naturally funny Dangerfield was so they kept adding scenes for him in the movie. Then there was the comic genius of Murray and his ability to make incredible scenes ad-libbing the whole way. When the filming ended it was left to Ramis and his associates to put together a film that bared little relation to the original script.
Adding to the confusion was the production was like one big party (except to Ted Knight) with drugs and alcohol flowing every night. They also had to fit a tight schedule with stars Bill Murray and Chevy Chase only available for a short time apiece. It’s no wonder that the result was total chaos and a film littered with potholes.
Ramis and company eventually came up with a finished product and the only question was whether it would succeed. One of the creators, Doug Kenney, was so demoralized at the opening press conference that he arrived drunk and embarrassed everyone with his negativity. Nobody was feeling good but in due time they could all take a bow. Despite its pitfalls, “Caddyshack” attained “cult” status.
Nashawaty’s book is a frolicking ride through a period of American cultural history that will bring back a lot of fond memories for those of us who lived through the ‘60s and ‘70s. It will be a great history lesson for those that didn’t. The best complement for the book is that it makes the reader want to experience “Caddyshack” again (or for the first time). The book and movie are both that good and are available at the Village Library.
“Clock Dance” by Anne Tyler describes the transformative life of a woman as she adjusts to several upheavals in her life. As she grows older, Willa Drake sets off on an adventure of self-discovery and “finds solace and fulfillment in unexpected places.” Tyler is known for exquisite character development and this novel is no exception.
“Valley of Genius: The Uncensored History of Silicon Valley” by Adam Fisher provides an oral history by the “hackers, founders, and freaks who made it boom.” Learn first-hand how Silicon Valley went from a valley of orchards to becoming the economic equivalent of Eden and the tech hub of the world.